Both political parties have done wrong in the past and present, though the Democratic Party have a bad history of granting political power to racism as during the Reconstruction Era, southern Democrats enacted the black codes, which were done away with once Reconstruction ended, as well as Jim Crow laws which have lasted for around a century's time until dismantled in 1964. However, though it is safe to claim Republicans have never participated in encouraging or enacting racist politics, there are a few who will argue that Richard Nixon's "war on drugs" was to purposely single African Americans out, as well as the argument of voter ID laws being a way to suppress non white voters. Starting with Nixon's presidency, it was an essential goal of the GOP to combat drug trafficking and addiction to drugs, this leading to Nixon signing "The Controlled Substances Act of 1970," which controlled the manufacturing and distribution of controlled substances. Individuals who argue against the war on drugs claim that it was used to target African Americans, which would effectively disrupt their communities. Although this had actually resulted in many black abusers being arrested, as well as John Ehrlichman, Nixon's domestic policy chief "admitting" that the whole anti drug campaign was to target blacks and hippies, there is still not enough evidence to support the intention of the campaign being one to target a race, especially considering Nixon has always had an extreme distaste for drugs, believing it to be a huge threat to the country, and Ehrlichman "admitting" to this as recent as 1994, as he might have claimed this to trash Nixon's reputation due to him feeling bitter over what happened with the Watergate scandal. As for the voter ID laws, many Democrats have claimed this to be a racist act by the Republicans to suppress minority voters. However, despite many liberals believing it to be racist, as well as thinking black people are unable to adapt to having a voter ID, a video entitled "How white liberals view black voters" contradicts this, as many blacks who were interviewed claimed to have voter IDs and knew exactly how to properly vote. Any thoughts?