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View shafira_017's Instagram KitoChandra...
#WaskitoChandra#Kito#Chandra#Keren#PemainPss!! 1457833336176481469_4518462457

KitoChandra... #waskitochandra#kito#Chandra #keren#PemainPss!!

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View astrophysicsig's Instagram Scientists are expanding the definition of habitable zones (the area around a star where a life-sustaining planet might lurk), taking into account the effect of stellar activity that can threaten exoplanets' atmospheres with oxygen loss.

To determine a star's habitable zone, scientists have traditionally considered how much heat and light the star emits. Stars more massive than our sun produce more heat and light, so the habitable zone must be farther out. Smaller, cooler stars yield close-in habitable zones.
But along with heat and visible light, stars emit X-ray and ultraviolet radiation, and produce stellar eruptions such as flares and coronal mass ejections, collectively called space weather. One possible effect of this radiation is atmospheric erosion, in which high-energy particles drag atmospheric molecules such as hydrogen and oxygen, the two ingredients for water - out into space. 
The search for habitable planets often hones in on red dwarfs, as these are the coolest, smallest and most numerous stars in the universe, and therefore relatively amenable to small planet detection.
On the downside, red dwarfs are also prone to more frequent and powerful stellar eruptions than the sun 
Another important habitability factor is a star's age, say the scientists, based on observations they've gathered from NASA's Kepler mission. Every day, young stars produce superflares, powerful flares and eruptions at least 10 times more powerful than those observed on the sun. On their older, matured counterparts resembling our middle-aged sun today, such superflares are only observed once every 100 years.
Superflares cause atmospheric erosion when high-energy X-ray and extreme ultraviolet emissions first break molecules into atoms and then ionize atmospheric gases. During ionization, radiation strikes the atoms and knocks off electrons. Electrons are much lighter than the newly formed ions, so they escape gravity's pull far more readily and race out into space.
Opposites attract, so as more and more negatively charged electrons are generated, they create a powerful charge separation that lures positively charged ions out of the atmosphere in a process called ion escape. ⬇ 1457782665099959679_4008710248

Scientists are expanding the definition of habitable zones (the area around a star where a life-sustaining planet might lurk), taking into account the effect of stellar activity that can threaten exoplanets' atmospheres with oxygen loss. To determine a star's habitable zone, scientists have traditionally considered how much heat and light the star emits. Stars more massive than our sun produce more heat and light, so the habitable zone must be farther out. Smaller, cooler stars yield close-in habitable zones. But along with heat and visible light, stars emit X-ray and ultraviolet radiation, and produce stellar eruptions such as flares and coronal mass ejections, collectively called space weather. One possible effect of this radiation is atmospheric erosion, in which high-energy particles drag atmospheric molecules such as hydrogen and oxygen, the two ingredients for water - out into space. The search for habitable planets often hones in on red dwarfs, as these are the coolest, smallest and most numerous stars in the universe, and therefore relatively amenable to small planet detection. On the downside, red dwarfs are also prone to more frequent and powerful stellar eruptions than the sun Another important habitability factor is a star's age, say the scientists, based on observations they've gathered from NASA's Kepler mission. Every day, young stars produce superflares, powerful flares and eruptions at least 10 times more powerful than those observed on the sun. On their older, matured counterparts resembling our middle-aged sun today, such superflares are only observed once every 100 years. Superflares cause atmospheric erosion when high-energy X-ray and extreme ultraviolet emissions first break molecules into atoms and then ionize atmospheric gases. During ionization, radiation strikes the atoms and knocks off electrons. Electrons are much lighter than the newly formed ions, so they escape gravity's pull far more readily and race out into space. Opposites attract, so as more and more negatively charged electrons are generated, they create a powerful charge separation that lures positively charged ions out of the atmosphere in a process called ion escape. ⬇

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View astrophysicsig's Instagram The first step to finding alien life is to look for an area where it could potentially exist. The Kepler space telescope has shown that their could be over 40 billion Earth-like planets in our galaxy alone. Astronomers have discovered a few of these planets. If life exists on any of these planets how could we know? Some are hundreds to thousands of light years away, so we obviously can't go there ourselves. So how can we detect alien life from Earth? One method which has been used on gas giants around other stars is to examine the spectrum of the planet. How? Planets are so small and dim how could we possibly study their spectrum? So far astronomers have only been able to study the spectrum of giant gas planets around other stars, technology simply isn't advanced enough yet to examine the spectrum of smaller rocky worlds. How does examining the spectrum of a planet help us determine whether life exists there or not? Simply find large amounts of oxygen like the Earth's atmosphere. The oxygen in our atmosphere is primarily due to life. If we found large amounts of oxygen in another planets atmosphere it would be evidence of life. If you also found the spectrum of methane within the atmosphere, in small amounts, it would also offer evidence of life. How do we know that large amounts oxygen and lower amounts of methane in an atmosphere mean life exists there? Because that's exactly what the Earth's atmosphere contains. And both the methane and oxygen are produced by living organisms. So if scientists ever discovered large quantities oxygen and small quantities of methane in a planets atmosphere it would be evidence of alien life.

#astronomy #astronomer #astrophysics #space #cosmos #science #physics #universe #stars #planet #astronaut #constellation #interstellar #spacetravel #outerspace #sun #chandra #astrobiology #NASA #Hubble #telescope #galaxy #stargazing #starstuff #creation #photography #astrophotography #amazing #explore #nasabeyond 1457770583986055516_4008710248

The first step to finding alien life is to look for an area where it could potentially exist. The Kepler space telescope has shown that their could be over 40 billion Earth-like planets in our galaxy alone. Astronomers have discovered a few of these planets. If life exists on any of these planets how could we know? Some are hundreds to thousands of light years away, so we obviously can't go there ourselves. So how can we detect alien life from Earth? One method which has been used on gas giants around other stars is to examine the spectrum of the planet. How? Planets are so small and dim how could we possibly study their spectrum? So far astronomers have only been able to study the spectrum of giant gas planets around other stars, technology simply isn't advanced enough yet to examine the spectrum of smaller rocky worlds. How does examining the spectrum of a planet help us determine whether life exists there or not? Simply find large amounts of oxygen like the Earth's atmosphere. The oxygen in our atmosphere is primarily due to life. If we found large amounts of oxygen in another planets atmosphere it would be evidence of life. If you also found the spectrum of methane within the atmosphere, in small amounts, it would also offer evidence of life. How do we know that large amounts oxygen and lower amounts of methane in an atmosphere mean life exists there? Because that's exactly what the Earth's atmosphere contains. And both the methane and oxygen are produced by living organisms. So if scientists ever discovered large quantities oxygen and small quantities of methane in a planets atmosphere it would be evidence of alien life. #astronomy #astronomer #astrophysics #space #cosmos #science #physics #universe #stars #planet #astronaut #constellation #interstellar #spacetravel #outerspace #sun #chandra #astrobiology #nasa #hubble #telescope #galaxy #stargazing #starstuff #creation #photography #astrophotography #amazing #explore #nasabeyond

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View astrophysicsig's Instagram There’s a celestial body 400 light years away that looks a lot like Saturn, except its rings are so large that they shouldn’t be able to exist. Its official title is J1407b, but it’s been informally dubbed Saturn on steroids. Whoa, whoa, slow down. We’re not actually sure that J1407b is a planet. It could be a brown dwarf, which is technically a star but really sits somewhere between failed star and enormous gas giant. Either way, it’s the ring system that has scientists talking. It’s 75 million miles in diameter, which is about 200 times larger than the rings of Saturn. If J1407b was in our own solar system, it would appear in our sky many times larger than our own moon. The problem is that as J1407b travels in its elliptical orbit, it gets dangerously close to its host star—so close that its rings should break apart due to the forces of gravity. But they don’t. Astronomers are not sure why. 
If you thought Saturn is the most majestic ringed planet, think again. J1407b is the planet with largest ring cover, discovered so far. Thank again, 
It has a vast and massive expanse of about 30 rings, with a diameter of tens of millions of kilometres. 
This object is about 434 lys away, and is the first ringed exo planet discovered through the transit method. The team also said, that the spaces between the rings contain exo moons, accreted by the material orbiting this planet.
The stellar system is however only 16 million years old, and the high mass of the ring system (almost an Earth mass) are thought to be more, of a circumplanetary or protoexosatellite disk still in the process of forming moons/satellites, rather than a proper stable ring system in an evolved planetary system, unlike Saturn's rings. Which means, after a few years, these rings may disappear and we may see moons around this planet.
If put in our sky, the rings would be distinctly visible, even at Saturn's distance from us.
(Picture/illustration Credits: EarthSkyScience)
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There’s a celestial body 400 light years away that looks a lot like Saturn, except its rings are so large that they shouldn’t be able to exist. Its official title is J1407b, but it’s been informally dubbed Saturn on steroids. Whoa, whoa, slow down. We’re not actually sure that J1407b is a planet. It could be a brown dwarf, which is technically a star but really sits somewhere between failed star and enormous gas giant. Either way, it’s the ring system that has scientists talking. It’s 75 million miles in diameter, which is about 200 times larger than the rings of Saturn. If J1407b was in our own solar system, it would appear in our sky many times larger than our own moon. The problem is that as J1407b travels in its elliptical orbit, it gets dangerously close to its host star—so close that its rings should break apart due to the forces of gravity. But they don’t. Astronomers are not sure why. If you thought Saturn is the most majestic ringed planet, think again. J1407b is the planet with largest ring cover, discovered so far. Thank again, It has a vast and massive expanse of about 30 rings, with a diameter of tens of millions of kilometres. This object is about 434 lys away, and is the first ringed exo planet discovered through the transit method. The team also said, that the spaces between the rings contain exo moons, accreted by the material orbiting this planet. The stellar system is however only 16 million years old, and the high mass of the ring system (almost an Earth mass) are thought to be more, of a circumplanetary or protoexosatellite disk still in the process of forming moons/satellites, rather than a proper stable ring system in an evolved planetary system, unlike Saturn's rings. Which means, after a few years, these rings may disappear and we may see moons around this planet. If put in our sky, the rings would be distinctly visible, even at Saturn's distance from us. (Picture/illustration Credits: EarthSkyScience) -

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View carlosguerrerot's Instagram La amo :3 #pop #funko #mtg #chandra 1457724411377269444_2092536378

La amo :3 #pop #funko #mtg #chandra

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View bethechange_tron's Instagram @Regrann from @thehubblescope -  New Galaxy SMM J2135-0102
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"#Create in me a clean #heart, O #God; and renew a right #spirit within me."
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For the first time, astronomers have made direct measurements of the size and brightness of regions of star-birth in a very distant galaxy, thanks to a chance discovery with the APEX telescope. A cosmic “gravitational lens” is magnifying the galaxy, giving us a close-up view that would otherwise be impossible. This lucky break reveals a hectic and vigorous star-forming life for galaxies in the early Universe, with stellar nurseries forming one hundred times faster than in more recent galaxies.
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#amazing #astronomy #beauty #chandra #bible #bibletext #nasabeyond #constellation #creation #galaxy #hubble #hubbletelescope #interstellar #nature #nasa #cosmos #hubblehangout #space #universe #scripture #naturelovers #cosmology #science #hst 1457714961131481836_33311109

@Regrann from @thehubblescope - New Galaxy SMM J2135-0102 . " #createin me a clean #heart, O #God; and renew a right #spiritwithin me." . For the first time, astronomers have made direct measurements of the size and brightness of regions of star-birth in a very distant galaxy, thanks to a chance discovery with the APEX telescope. A cosmic “gravitational lens” is magnifying the galaxy, giving us a close-up view that would otherwise be impossible. This lucky break reveals a hectic and vigorous star-forming life for galaxies in the early Universe, with stellar nurseries forming one hundred times faster than in more recent galaxies. . #amazing #astronomy #beauty #chandra #bible #bibletext #nasabeyond #constellation #creation #galaxy #hubble #hubbletelescope #interstellar #nature #nasa #cosmos #hubblehangout #space #universe #scripture #naturelovers #cosmology #science #hst

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View ymsphilly's Instagram This powerful gentleman @equilibriummovement is teaching all this weekend! Drop into 10am Architectural Movement Saturday and Sunday for only $16 per class. Or, for only $350 stay all day 10-6pm Saturday and Sunday, to learn Methodology Of Alignment. Visit www.ymsphilly.com/workshops for details!
Photo by @joelongophotography 1457485540277728110_2535084315

This powerful gentleman @equilibriummovement is teaching all this weekend! Drop into 10am Architectural Movement Saturday and Sunday for only $16 per class. Or, for only $350 stay all day 10-6pm Saturday and Sunday, to learn Methodology Of Alignment. Visit www.ymsphilly.com/workshops for details! Photo by @joelongophotography

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View jimscape's Instagram #Repost @thehubblescope with @repostapp
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New Galaxy SMM J2135-0102
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"Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me."
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For the first time, astronomers have made direct measurements of the size and brightness of regions of star-birth in a very distant galaxy, thanks to a chance discovery with the APEX telescope. A cosmic “gravitational lens” is magnifying the galaxy, giving us a close-up view that would otherwise be impossible. This lucky break reveals a hectic and vigorous star-forming life for galaxies in the early Universe, with stellar nurseries forming one hundred times faster than in more recent galaxies.
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#amazing #astronomy #beauty #chandra #bible #bibletext #nasabeyond #constellation #creation #galaxy #hubble #hubbletelescope #interstellar #nature #nasa #cosmos #hubblehangout #space #universe #scripture #naturelovers #cosmology #science #hst 1457470187245685545_353171223

#repost@thehubblescope with @repostapp ・・・ New Galaxy SMM J2135-0102 . "Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me." . For the first time, astronomers have made direct measurements of the size and brightness of regions of star-birth in a very distant galaxy, thanks to a chance discovery with the APEX telescope. A cosmic “gravitational lens” is magnifying the galaxy, giving us a close-up view that would otherwise be impossible. This lucky break reveals a hectic and vigorous star-forming life for galaxies in the early Universe, with stellar nurseries forming one hundred times faster than in more recent galaxies. . #amazing #astronomy #beauty #chandra #bible #bibletext #nasabeyond #constellation #creation #galaxy #hubble #hubbletelescope #interstellar #nature #nasa #cosmos #hubblehangout #space #universe #scripture #naturelovers #cosmology #science #hst

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View not_mainstream_profile's Instagram Aether revolt presentation box full of stuff for local store, hope i get about 3-4€ for the cards inside it. 
#mtg #magic #stuff #cool #cards #set #box #magicthegathering #chandra #aether #kaladesh 1457461268529531197_4663149505

Aether revolt presentation box full of stuff for local store, hope i get about 3-4€ for the cards inside it. #mtg #magic #stuff #cool #cards #set #box #magicthegathering #chandra #aether #kaladesh

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View screation_edits's Instagram She feels his pain sooooo deeply💕💖❤😍
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#ChandraNandini #lovestory 
#Chandra #Nandini 
They nailed it😳😭😍❤ 1457432706610507601_3944169268

She feels his pain sooooo deeply💕💖❤😍 - - - - #chandranandini #lovestory #Chandra #nandini They nailed it😳😭😍❤

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View stardust90_'s Instagram @Regrann from @astrophysics.ig -  Diagram of the orbits 💫 of the TRAPPIST-1 worlds 🌎🌕, compared to those of Jupiter's Galilean moons, Mercury, Venus and Earth. 🤧 
Credit: ESOAstronomy / O. Furtak

#astronomy #astronomer #astrophysics #space #cosmos #science #physics #universe #stars #planet #astronaut #constellation #interstellar #spacetravel #outerspace #sun #chandra #astrobiology #NASA #Hubble #telescope #galaxy #stargazing #starstuff #creation #photography #astrophotography #amazing #explore #nasabeyond 1457404253936891219_4469125882

@Regrann from @astrophysics.ig - Diagram of the orbits 💫 of the TRAPPIST-1 worlds 🌎🌕, compared to those of Jupiter's Galilean moons, Mercury, Venus and Earth. 🤧 Credit: ESOAstronomy / O. Furtak #astronomy #astronomer #astrophysics #space #cosmos #science #physics #universe #stars #planet #astronaut #constellation #interstellar #spacetravel #outerspace #sun #chandra #astrobiology #nasa #hubble #telescope #galaxy #stargazing #starstuff #creation #photography #astrophotography #amazing #explore #nasabeyond

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